by Brad St Croix


1) Primary Sources

1.1 Archival Sources

Canadian War Museum

20080086–001, Raymond W. Elliott Collection
19790285–001, HKVCA Collection
20110043–001, James MacMillan Collection
20050094–002, Arthur Ray Squires Collection

Directorate of History and Heritage, Department of National Defence

File 593 (D1) C Force War Diary
File 593 (D3) C Coy RRC Diary
File 593 (D5) Personal Stories
File 593 (D9) Chaplains Reports
File 593 (D26) Interviews and Correspondence for Prelim Report on Hong Kong
File 593 (D33) War Diary Winnipeg Grenadiers

Imperial War Museum

Private Papers of Squadron Leader D.S. Hill
Private Papers of Major-General C.M. Maltby
Private Papers of Lieutenant-Colonel J.H. Monro

Library and Archives Canada

MG 26 J1 William Lyon Mackenzie King fonds
MG 26 J4 William Lyon Mackenzie King fonds
MG 26 J5 William Lyon Mackenzie King fonds
MG 26 J13 William Lyon Mackenzie King fonds
MG 27 III B11 James Layton Ralston fonds
MG 30 E 64 John Kelburne Lawson fonds
MG 30 E 100 Arthur William Currie fonds
MG 30 E 133 Andrew George Latta McNaughton fonds
MG 30 E 141 Sir Lyman P. Duff fonds
MG 30 E 157 Henry Duncan Graham Crerar fonds
MG 31 J12 Gustave Gingras fonds
MG 32 C3 George Drew fonds
RG 24 Department of National Defence fonds
RG 33 120 Royal Commission to Inquire into and Report upon the Organization, Authorization and Dispatch of the Canadian Expeditionary Force to the Crown Colony of Hong Kong fonds
RG 150 Ministry of the Overseas Military Forces of Canada fonds

Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King’s College London

FM Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke of Brookeborough Papers
ACM Sir Henry Robert Moore Brooke-Popham Papers

The National Archives United Kingdom

Admiralty Papers: ADM 1, ADM 116, ADM 339
Air Ministry Papers: AIR 2, AIR 23
Cabinet Papers: CAB 11, CAB 79, CAB 96, CAB 121
Colonial Office Papers: CO 129, CO 323, CO 968
Dominions Office Papers: DO 35
Prime Minister’s Office Papers: PREM 8
War Office Papers: WO 106, WO 172, WO 208

National Army Museum United Kingdom

The Letters from Harold Robert Newton, 1999–07–92

Queen’s University Archives

Charles Gavan Power fonds

1.2 Period Publications

Published Reports and Articles

Crerar, H.D.G. “The Development of Closer Relations between the Military Forces of the Empire.” The Journal of the Royal United Service Institution 71, no. 483 (1926): 441– 455
Duff, Lyman P. Report on the Canadian Expeditionary Force to the Crown Colony of Hong Kong. Ottawa: King’s Printer, 1942.
Maltby, C.M. Operations in Hong Kong from 8th to 25th December, 1941, Supplement to The London Gazette. London: His Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1948.

Newspapers and Magazines

Calgary Herald
China Mail (Hong Kong)
La Gazette du Nord (Amos, Québec)
La Presse (Montréal, Québec)
Le Devoir (Montreal, Québec)
Le Droit (Ottawa, Ontario) Legion Magazine
Maclean's Montreal Gazette
National Post (Toronto, Ontario)
Ottawa Citizen
Red Deer Express (Red Deer, Alberta)
Richmond News (Richmond, British Columbia)
The Beaver
The Georgetown Herald
The Globe and Mail (Toronto, Ontario)
The Hamilton Spectator
The Manitoban (Winnipeg, Manitoba)
The New York Times
The Sphere (London, United Kingdom)
The Sunday Times (London, United Kingdom)
The Vancouver Sun
The Winnipeg Tribune
Time Magazine
Toronto Star
Winnipeg Free Press

1.3 Government Documents


Canada, Parliament, House of Commons Debates, 19th Parl, 2nd Sess, Vol 4.
Canada, Parliament, House of Commons Debates, 19th Parl, 3rd Sess, Vol 5.
Canada, Parliament, House of Commons Debates, 20th Parl, 1st Sess, Vol 2.
Canada, Parliament, House of Commons Debates, 20th Parl, 5th Sess, Vol 2.
Canada, Parliament, House of Commons Debates, 20th Parl, 1st Sess, Vol 1.
The Senate of Canada, The Valour and the Horror: Report of the Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology (January 1993).

United Kingdom

The London Gazette, 15 November 1938.
The London Gazette, 29 July 1941.
Supplement to The London Gazette, 29 March 1946.

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Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1982.
Williams, David Ricardo. Duff: A Life in the Law. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1984.
Winter, Stephen. Transitional Justice in Established Democracies: A Political Theory. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.
Wise, S.F. “The Valour and the Horror: A Report for the CBC Ombudsman.” In The Valour and the Horror Revisited, edited by David Bercuson and S.F. Wise, 13–30. Montreal: McGill- Queen’s University Press, 1994.
Wise, S.F. and David J. Bercuson. “Introduction.” In The Valour and the Horror Revisited, edited by David Bercuson and S.F. Wise, 3–11. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1994.
Wood, Gordon. “In Defense of Academic History Writing.” Perspectives on History, 1 April 2020. history/april-2010/in-defense-of-academic-history-writing.
Yellen, Jeremy A. The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere: When Total Empire Met Total War. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2019.
Young, Brian J. “C. George McCullagh and the Leadership League” The Canadian Historical
Review 47, no. 3 (1966): 201–226.

Visual Media

The Valour and the Horror, episode 6, “Savage Christmas.” Directed by Brian McKenna, written by Terence McKenna and Brian McKenna. Aired 12 January 1992, on CBC.


Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. “Newfoundland at Armageddon.” Accessed 8 February 2020.
———. “‘Canadians captured in Hong Kong receive compensation,’ reported by Ron Charles, aired 11 December 1998.”
hong-kong-receive-compensation. Accessed 4 November 2020.
Canada’s History. “Popular Media Award.” general-s-history-awards/apply-for-popular-media-award. Accessed 4 November 2020.
Commonwealth War Graves Commission. “Sergeant David William Lumb.” details/2221259/DAVID%20WILLIAM%20LUMB/. Accessed 4 November 2020.
Galafilm. “Glory (Part 1): War at Sea.”
Accessed 23 February 2020.
———. “Glory (Part 2): A Web of War.”
Accessed 23 February 2020.
———. “The Great War.”
Accessed 23 February 2020.
Government of Canada. “Canadians in Hong Kong.” ers-souvenirs.aspx?lang=eng. Accessed 4 November 2020.
Hong Kong Veterans Commemorative Association. “1979 Vol 3:3 Roll Call.” Accessed 24
February 2020
———. “About Us.” Accessed 8 October 2019.
———. “Creation and Evolution of HKVCA.”
Accessed 8 October 2019.
———. “Fundraising Brochure.” phase2%20revised.pdf. Accessed 8 October 2019.
———. “Individual Report: E29977 Frank Ebdon.” Accessed 8 October 2020.
———. “Japanese Apology Documents.” Accessed 24
March 2020.
———. “Lesson Three - The Valour and The Horror–‘A Savage Christmas: The Fall of Hong Kong,’” R.pdf. Accessed 21 October 2020.
———. “Memories Uninvited - The Battle.” Accessed 8 October 2020.
———. “Memorial Wall – Speeches at the Unveiling.” Accessed 8 October 2019.
———. “Our Roots - Hong Kong Veterans’ Association.” Accessed 8 October 2019.
IMDb. “Brian McKenna.” Accessed 4 November 2020.
Rabble. “Brian McKenna on Armageddon, Newfoundland and the Battle of the Somme.” newfoundland-and-battle-somme. Accessed 7 August 2021.