C Force Reports and Stats - Hellships

Description of POW Transport Ships (Hellships)

Transport Draft POW Transport Ship Departure Date Arrival Date Arrival Port Comments Ref
XD3A Tatsuta Maru 43 Jan 19, left Shamsuipo Camp, 0500 hrs; left Hong Kong 1300hrs 43 Jan 22, 0400 hrs Nagasaki Left Nagasaki on a train about 2300 hrs, 43 Jan 22. Arrived in Tokyo on 43 Jan 24 at 0700 hrs, boarded electric train for 10 mile ride to Tsurumi POW Camp. 1, 2, 3
XD3B Tatsuta Maru 43 Jan 19, left Shamsuipo Camp, 0500 hrs; left Hong Kong 1300hrs 43 Jan 22, 0400 hrs Nagasaki Left Nagasaki on a train about 2300 hrs, 43 Jan 22. Train stopped on morning of Jan 23 to drop off contingent to Omine POW Camp. 1, 2, 3
XD4A Manryu Maru 43 Aug 15 43 Sep 01 Osaka Brief stopover in Taihoku (Taipei), Formosa (Taiwan); then 2 day stopover at northern point for stool tests, Arrived at Niigata-Rinko POW Camp on 43 Sep 03 5, 6
XD4B Manryu Maru 43 Aug 15 43 Sep 01 Osaka Brief stopover in Taihoku (Taipei), Formosa (Taiwan); then 2 day stopover at northern point for stool tests. Arrived at Oeyama POW Camp. 5, 6
XD5A SS Soong Cheong 43 Dec 15 44 Jan 04 (estimate) Moji Arrived at Takao, Formosa, 43 Dec 20; Transferred to Toyama Maru on 43 Dec 30. Arrived in Narumi POW Camp on 44 Jan 06 2
XD5B SS Soong Cheong 43 Dec 15 44 Jan 04 (estimate) Moji Arrived at Takao, Formosa, 43 Dec 20; Transferred to Toyama Maru on 43 Dec 30. Arrived in Oeyama POW Camp on 44 Jan 05 (estimate).  
XD6 Naura Maru 44 Apr 29 44 May 25 (estimate) Moji Stopped over in Formosa, went through Nagasaki and Hiroshima to Yoshima POW camp, arriving on 44 May 27 6, 7

References

1. Private Charles Richard Trick Diary, The Winnipeg Grenadiers

2. List of Hellship Voyages, http://www.west-point.org/family/japanese-pow/Ships.htm

3. Sergeant Lance Ross Diary, The Royal Rifles of Canada

5. Private Thomas Forsyth Diary, 'Hong Kong Diary and Memories of Japan, Gleanings from the Diary of a Winnipeg Grenadier'

6. Tony Banhan, private communication

7. Corporal Edward William Shayler Diary, The Winnipeg Grenadiers

Description of Prisoner of War Camps in Japan (First Camp)

Camp Code Name of Camp Location of Camp Company worked for Nature of work
JP-Fu 5B Omine Kawaski-machi, Fukuoka pref., Kyushu Island, Japan Furukawa Industries Omine Coal mining
JP-Os 3B Oeyama Kyoto-fu, Yosa-gun, Yoshizu-mura, Sutsu, Japan Nippon Yakin Nickel Mine & Refinery Mining nickel & work at the refinery
JP-Os-11B Narumi Aichi-ken, Aichi-gun, Narumi-machi, Arimatsu Mura 114-3 Nippon Rolling Stock Company Manufacturing steel wheels
JP-Se 2B Yoshima Fukushima-ken, Iwaki-gun, Yoshima-mura, Kamyoshima, Japan Furukawa Mining Company Coal mining
JP-To 3D Tsurumi Yokohama-shi, Tsurumi-ku, Suyehiro-cho, 1-chome, Japan Nihon Ironworks - Tsurumi Shipyards Variety of jobs related to ship building
JP-To 5B Niigata-Rinko Niigata-ken, Nakakambara-gun, Ogata-mura, Japan Marutsu, Rinko Coal, Shintetsu Stevedore labour, mining coal, foundry labour

References:

1. Mansell, Roger; Center for Research Allied POWS Under the Japanese, http://www.mansell.com/pow-index.html

2. ALL-JAPAN POW CAMP GROUP HISTORY