Mi'gmaq Listuguj, QC
|Rank:||First Name:||Second Name:|
|From:||Enlistment Region:||Date of Birth (y-m-d):|
|Restigouche NB||Eastern Quebec||1916-03-16|
Members of 'C' Force from the East travelled across Canada by CNR troop train, picking up reinforcements enroute. Stops included Valcartier, Montreal, Ottawa, Armstrong ON, Capreol ON, Winnipeg, Melville SK, Saskatoon, Edmonton, Jasper, and Vancouver, arriving in Vancouver on Oct 27 at 0800 hrs.
The Winnipeg Grenadiers and the local soldiers that were with Brigade Headquarters from Winnipeg to BC travelled on a CPR train to Vancouver.
All members embarked from Vancouver on the ships AWATEA and PRINCE ROBERT. AWATEA was a New Zealand Liner and the PRINCE ROBERT was a converted cruiser. "C" Company of the Rifles was assigned to the PRINCE ROBERT, everyone else boarded the AWATEA. The ships sailed from Vancouver on Oct 27th and arrived in Hong Kong on November 16th, having made brief stops enroute at Honolulu and Manila.
Equipment earmarked for 'C' Force use was loaded on the ship DON JOSE, but would never reach Hong Kong as it was rerouted to Manila when hostilities commenced.
On arrival, all troops were quartered at Nanking Barracks, Sham Shui Po Camp, in Kowloon.
We do not have specific battle information for this soldier in our online database. For a detailed description of the battle from a Canadian perspective, visit Canadian Participation in the Defense of Hong Kong (published by the Historical Section, Canadian Military Headquarters).
|Camp ID||Camp Name||Location||Company||Type of Work||Reference||Arrive||Depart|
|HK-SM-01||Stanley||Fort Stanley, Hong Kong Island||20, 31, 33||Capture||41 Dec 30|
|HK-NP-01||North Point||North Point, Hong Kong Island||41 Dec 30||42 Sep 26|
|HK-SA-02||Shamshuipo||Kowloon, Hong Kong||42 Sep 26||43 Jan 19|
|JP-To-3D||Tsurumi||Yokohama-shi, Tsurumi-ku, Suyehiro-cho, 1-chome, Japan||Nippon Steel Tube - Tsurumi Shipyards||Variety of jobs related to ship building||9||43 Jan 19||N/A|
|Draft Number||Name of Ship||Departure Date||Arrival Date||Arrival Port||Comments||Reference|
|XD3A||Tatsuta Maru||43 Jan 19, left Shamsuipo Camp, 0500 hrs; left Hong Kong 1300hrs||43 Jan 22, 0400 hrs||Nagasaki, Japan||Boarded train, arrived in Tokyo on 43 Jan 24 at 0700 hrs, boarded electric train for 10 mile ride to camp||Tony Banham|
No information found.
No information found.
|Date of Death (y-m-d)||Cause of Death||Death Class||Death Ref|
|Cemetery Location||Cemetery||Grave Number||Gravestone Marker|
|Listuguj Mi'gmaq First Nation Quebec Canada||St. Anne's Church Cemetery||Yes|
Remembering a Mi'kmaw soldier who spent years as a prisoner of war
From CBC.ca Nov 2019 - Life was not easy for Patrick Metallic, a Mi'kmaq veteran from Listuguj, Que., when he returned home from the Second World War.
As a part of the Royal Rifles of Canada, a rifle regiment in the Canadian Army out of Quebec City, Metallic was one of 1,975 troops in Canada who fought in the Defence of Hong Kong and spent nearly four years as a prisoner of war.
Hong Kong was the first place Canadians fought a land battle in the Second World War. In November 1941, troops from Winnipeg and Quebec City were sent to reinforce the British colony.
On Dec. 8, Japanese forces invaded and overran Hong Kong's defences in 17 days, killing 290 Canadians. Metallic was captured on Christmas Day and spent time in three different POW camps in Hong Kong including Sham Shui Po Camp before being sent to Japan on Jan. 19, 1943, where he was imprisoned in foul conditions and endured brutal treatment.
"He was severely beaten," said his grandson Patrick Denny Isaac.
"He was beaten so bad that he swallowed his fake teeth and they had to surgically remove them from his chest."
During one of the camps, he was slave labour on ships.
The POWs were liberated in August 1945 after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki forced Japan's surrender and ended the war in the Pacific.
When Metallic returned home to Listuguj, he was a different person. The undiagnosed post-traumatic stress from his experience caused struggles with alcoholism and violence. He died at the age of 55 on May 19, 1971.
Patricia Metallic-Gray, 80, is one of Metallic's nine children. She describes her childhood as a troubling time when her father returned home.
"It was not very nice. My father had flashbacks all the time. He thought he was still in the war." said Metallic-Gray.
"That went on for years and years. I hated him because I never understood."
In 2010, Metallic-Gray travelled to Hong Kong to learn about what her father experienced as a POW. She said after her trip, she went to the graveyard in Listuguj to apologize to him.
"It lifted a big load off my back," she said.
"I finally understood after why he did the things he did, and nobody was around to help him."
Nov. 8 marks National Aboriginal Veterans Day, which was first observed in Winnipeg in 1994 as a way to separately honour Indigenous contributions to Canada's military service.
And every year on Remembrance Day, the Listuguj Veterans Memorial Committee organizes a mass, ceremony, and feast to honour the community's veterans.
"It's a big deal for our family. Every year since I was a little kid, we always honoured our grandfather," said Patrick Denny Isaac, who also volunteers with the committee.
"Every year we honour that sacrifice and what he's been through. "
Mary Bradstreet Metallic is another volunteer on the committee. She said Metallic's story is one the community cannot forget. According to Veterans Affairs Canada, at least 3,000 First Nations members enlisted in the Armed Forces during the Second World War, and that included several men from Listuguj.
"We have a large, long history of veterans in our community. It's important so that we don't forget," she said.
"My sister-in-law is the one who continues to remind me what it was like when her brother was a prisoner of war and what he was like when he came back. He was a big, big man. He was a boxer in our region and when he came home, he was nothing but skin and bones."
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End of Report.
Report generated: 26 Sep 2022.
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