Individual Report: E29919 Stewart HENDERSON

1st Bn The Royal Rifles of Canada


General Information

Rank: First Name: Second Name:
Corporal Stewart Derrill
From: Enlistment Region: Date of Birth (y-m-d):
Richmond QC Eastern Quebec 1910-04-04
Appointment: Company: Platoon:
HQ Coy

Transportation - Home Base to Hong Kong

Members of 'C' Force from the East travelled across Canada by CNR troop train, picking up reinforcements enroute. Stops included Valcartier, Montreal, Ottawa, Armstrong ON, Capreol ON, Winnipeg, Melville SK, Saskatoon, Edmonton, Jasper, and Vancouver, arriving in Vancouver on Oct 27 at 0800 hrs.

The Winnipeg Grenadiers and the local soldiers that were with Brigade Headquarters from Winnipeg to BC travelled on a CPR train to Vancouver.

All members embarked from Vancouver on the ships AWATEA and PRINCE ROBERT. AWATEA was a New Zealand Liner and the PRINCE ROBERT was a converted cruiser. "C" Company of the Rifles was assigned to the PRINCE ROBERT, everyone else boarded the AWATEA. The ships sailed from Vancouver on Oct 27th and arrived in Hong Kong on November 16th, having made brief stops enroute at Honolulu and Manila.

Equipment earmarked for 'C' Force use was loaded on the ship DON JOSE, but would never reach Hong Kong as it was rerouted to Manila when hostilities commenced.

On arrival, all troops were quartered at Nanking Barracks, Sham Shui Po Camp, in Kowloon.


Battle Information

We do not have specific battle information for this soldier in our online database. For a detailed description of the battle from a Canadian perspective, visit Canadian Participation in the Defense of Hong Kong (published by the Historical Section, Canadian Military Headquarters).

Wounded Information

No wounds recorded.

Hospital Information

No record of hospital visits found.

POW Camps

Camp ID Camp Name Location Company Type of Work Reference Arrive Depart
HK-SM-01StanleyFort Stanley, Hong Kong Island20, 31, 33Capture 41 Dec 30
HK-NP-01North PointNorth Point, Hong Kong Island41 Dec 3042 Sep 26
HK-SA-02ShamshuipoKowloon, Hong Kong42 Sep 2643 Jan 19
JP-To-3DTsurumiYokohama-shi, Tsurumi-ku, Suyehiro-cho, 1-chome, JapanNippon Steel Tube - Tsurumi ShipyardsVariety of jobs related to ship building943 Jan 1945 Apr 16
JP-Se-4B OhashiIwate-ken, Kamihei-gun, Katsushi-mura, Ohashi, JapanNippon Steel Company13445 Apr 1645 Sep 15

Transport to Japan

Draft Number Name of Ship Departure Date Arrival Date Arrival Port Comments Reference
XD3ATatsuta Maru43 Jan 19, left Shamsuipo Camp, 0500 hrs; left Hong Kong 1300hrs43 Jan 22, 0400 hrsNagasaki, JapanBoarded train, arrived in Tokyo on 43 Jan 24 at 0700 hrs, boarded electric train for 10 mile ride to campTony Banham

Transportation: SE Asia to Home

No information found.

Post-war Photo

No information found.

Decorations Received

Image Name of Award Abbreviation References Precedence Comments
Mentioned-in-DespatchesMiD39, 40, 12413
Citation

Death and Cemetery Information

Date of Death (y-m-d) Cause of Death Death Class Death Ref
1991-02-15Post War
Cemetery LocationCemeteryGrave NumberGravestone Marker
Upper Brompton Quebec CanadaChrist Church CemeteryYes

Gravestone Image

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Obituary / Life Story

No information found.

Links

There may be more information on this individual available elsewhere on our web sites - please use the search tool found in the upper right corner of this page to view sources.

General Comments

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Brother of E29960 Lawrence HENDERSON. 3 Brothers pictured Lawrence, Elwin, Stewart Henderson

1945 Next of Kin: Mrs. Dulcie Henderson (wife) (nee Mummery), Richmond Quebec. Married in 1935 in Richmond Quebec

Parents Fred and Adelaide (Addie) Henderson, nee Cusick. Both born in Quebec

Stewart was a Carpenter. Enlisted July 24, 1940

Flying on the face of Honour 41 to 45

Hamilton Spectator Letter to the editor 2005

RE: Quebec flag flap unfurls; Conservative Leader Stephen Harper said he would personally deliver 10 flags to the legion November 6

Upon reading that the Richmond-Arthabaska (Quebec) Bloc MP had refused to provide the Richmond Royal Canadian Legion with new Canadian flags for the Remembrance Day observances, was overcome by a profound sense of sadness.

How an elected member of our Canadian Parliament can demonstrate such a complete lack of respect for the men and women of Richmond and Melbourne who served Canada in wartime is beyond belief.

I was born in Richmond. Que and am well acquainted with three brothers from that community who answered their nation's call to voluntary service in the Second World War. Stewart and his youngest brother Lawrence enlisted with the Royal Rifles soon after the outbreak of the war In 1941, they headed to Hong Kong to help defend that British colony against Japanese aggression

That December, both brothers were taken prisoner of war when Hong Kong fell. During the next four years they suffered, along with hundreds of other Canadians, indescribable brutality while confined, first in Hong Kong and later in Japan.

The middle brother, Elwin, enlisted with the Sherbrooke Fusiliers and eventually was sent as a member of the Royal Canadian Engineers to Sicily and Italy where he saw action during 1943-1344. At the close of the Italian campaign, Elwin became a part of the Canadian army contingent that liberated Holland in 1945. After the surrender of Germany on May 8, 1945, Elwin and countless other Canadians returned to North America on the Queen Mary which had been specially outfitted for military transport.

Upon his return to Richmond. Elwin was informed that his two brothers were POWs in Japan. When he attempted to re-enlist, he was told that he had already served his country and would be mad to attempt to join in the Pacific conflict.

However, on hearing on the fate of Elwin's two brothers, the enlistment officer said, "Say no more!" and proceeded with the re-enlistment papers. Shortly thereafter Japan surrendered and eventually the brothers were reunited in Richmond.

Stewart and Lawrence spent the rest of their lives in Richmond and Melbourne, though the younger brother suffered interminably from his wartime captivity by waking nightly in anguish and terror Both men are buried near Richmond. Elwin and his young family moved away from Richmond in 1951, settling in Stoney Creek where he is now buried.

Thankfully, none of these three brave men from Richmond lived to see the disrespect that has been shown to their comrades-in-arms who saw their country's need and answered that call willingly and sacrificially. I know the events surrounding these three brothers from the Eastern Townships because Elwin was my father.

Rev. Milt Henderson, Stoney Creek, Ontario


End of Report.

Report generated: 26 Sep 2020.


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Additional Notes

(These will not be visible on the printed copy)

  1. Service numbers for officers are locally generated for reporting only. During World War II officers were not allocated service numbers until 1945.
  2. 'C' Force soldiers who died overseas are memorialized in the Second World War Book of Remembrance and the Canadian Virtual War Memorial, both sponsored by Veterans Affairs Canada. Please use the search utility at VAC to assist you.
  3. Some birthdates and deathdates display as follows: 1918-01-01. In general, this indicates that we know the year but not the month or day.
  4. Our POW camp links along with our References link (near the bottom of the 'C' Force home page) are designed to give you a starting point for your research. There were many camps with many name changes. The best resource for all POW camps in Japan is the Roger Mansell Center for Research site.
  5. In most cases the rank displayed was the rank held before hostilities. Some veterans were promoted at some point prior to eventual post-war release from the army back in Canada. When notified of these changes we'll update the individual's record.
  6. Images displayed on the web page are small, but in many cases the actual image is larger. Hover over any image and you will see a popup if a larger version is available. You can also right-click on some images and select the option to view the image separately. Not all images have larger versions. Contact us to confirm whether a large copy of an image in which you are interested exists.
  7. Related documentation for information published in this report may be available. Researchers have added significant content on some 'C' Force members in the public group "Hong Kong Veterans Tribute" on Facebook, which you can search by using the member's service number. Feel free to contact us if you would like us to search our offline archives.
  8. We have done our best to avoid errors and omissions, but if you find any issues with this report, either in accuracy, completeness or layout, please contact us using the link at the top of this page.
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